POSITIVE AND NEGATIVE REINFORCEMENT

POSITIVE AND NEGATIVE REINFORCEMENT

Behavior analysts work to change an individual's socially significant behaviors in meaningful ways. As the conceptually systematic dimension states, basic principles of behavior are used to change behaviors. The first basic principle we explore is reinforcement. Reinforcement is used to increase appropriate behaviors in an individual’s repertoire. Behavior analysts not only work to decrease problematic behaviors, but they also work to increase appropriate behaviors. Understanding how reinforcement works is important for adding new behaviors to an individual’s repertoire.

For this assignment, complete the following:

  • Define both positive and negative reinforcement. Be sure to explain how they are similar and how they are different in your definitions.
  • Provide two real-world, detailed examples of how positive reinforcement could be used to increase behaviors you would like to see occur more often. Also, provide two examples of how negative reinforcement could be used to increase behaviors you would like to see occur more often. For example, an individual may use positive reinforcement to increase the behavior of working out. She could pay herself 10 dollars after five consecutive days of working out. Another individual may use negative reinforcement to increase the behavior of cooking healthy meals. If her dinner meals include at least two different vegetables, she can skip doing the dishes immediately after eating.
  • Be sure to label the three-term contingency in your examples. 
  • Be sure to explain why the examples you chose will work to increase behavior in the future.

Additional Requirements

Your assignment should also meet the following requirements:

POSITIVE AND NEGATIVE REINFORCEMENT

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  • Written communication: Should be free of errors that detract from the overall message.
  • APA formatting: References and citations are formatted according to current APA style guidelines. Review the Evidence and APA section of the Writing Center for more information on how to cite your sources.
  • Resources: 1–2 scholarly or professional resources.
  • Length: 2–4 double-spaced pages, in addition to the title page and references page.
  • SafeAssign: You are required to use SafeAssign before submitting the completed assignment to your instructor. Submit your work to SafeAssign as a draft, review the results, and make any needed changes. When you are ready, submit your assignment to the assignment area for grading.

Refer to the Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) Research Guide for help finding resources.

Refer to the Positive and Negative Reinforcement Scoring Guide to ensure you understand the grading criteria for this assignment.


Competencies Measured

By successfully completing this assignment , you will demonstrate your proficiency in the following course competencies and scoring guide criteria:

  • Competency 3: Analyze concepts related to increasing and decreasing targeted behaviors.
    • Define positive and negative reinforcement.
    • Compare the similarities and differences between positive and negative reinforcement.
    • Describe two examples of positive reinforcement.
    • Describe two examples of negative reinforcement.
  • Competency 4: Communicate in a manner that is scholarly and consistent with expectations for professionals in the field of psychology.
    • Demonstrate an academic writing style through well-organized prose that follows assignment guidelines.
    • Demonstrate compliance with APA style, citation, and referencing guidelines



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